千萬不可坐以待斃


 坐著學習、坐著工作、坐著聽iPod、坐著打遊戲、坐著聊臉書或QQ;早上起床著吃早餐,在學校或單位著學習或辦公,回家,到家後又窩在沙發裡或電腦前……如今,許多人的工作與生活用一個字就可囊括,運動時間和運動量都很少……

通過多年的臨床觀察,發現,如今大量的疾病都呈現年輕化傾向,甚至出現二十出頭的青年發生心肌梗塞、十來歲的小學生患上頸椎病等極端表現。究其成因,多是生活方式不當造成的。世衛組織發佈的一份報告指出:每年有200多萬人因長時間坐著不動引發心臟病、糖尿病等疾病而死亡,2020年全球將有70%的疾病是因坐得太久、缺乏運動引起的。,的確是一件很舒服的事,但這種生活方式時間長了對身體健康是非常有害的,它會導致各種疾病提前報到。

1、頸椎病病因:長期不良的坐姿或長時間坐在電腦前最容易造成頸項肌的疲勞,引起頸肩痛、項肌痙攣,甚至出現頭暈目眩,久而久之,將會隨著年齡的增長出現頸椎間盤退行性病變,導致頸椎病。

對策 :操作電腦時要保持正確坐姿,使用讓腳部平穩著地的椅子,或者使用腳墊,確保坐著時整個腳掌著地;經常伸展腿部並改變腿的姿勢;常站起來離開工作臺走動,讓自己整個放鬆一下;不要將箱子或其他物品放在桌下,這樣會限制腿部的活動空間。

2、腰椎病病因: 由於長期久坐,或者坐姿不良,或總是固定一個姿勢而使得腰部軟組織長久處於張力狀態,軟組織缺血,而產生腰肌勞損。

對策:要儘量減少坐的時間,或坐一會兒變動一下姿勢,站起來活動一下,中途可做一下腰部按摩。

3、尾骨受傷病因:長久坐姿不正確,壓迫尾骨神經,會造成臀部尾骨受傷而疼痛,有時甚至接連兩三天痛得令人坐立難安。

對策:平時保持良好的坐姿,減輕對脊椎的壓迫,多運動,可減少尾骨受傷的機會。患有慢性的尾椎骨疼痛者平常坐時候,可在椅子上放個中空設計的減壓坐墊,減輕患處的壓力,分散尾椎骨及臀部的壓力,使患者可坐得久一些,工作更方便。在家裡,應經常熱敷患處,或讓漢醫用超聲波治療,加強疼痛部位的血液循環,促進療效。

4、屁股生繭病因:屁股生繭即臀部長出硬疙瘩,並隱隱作痛,即坐骨結節性囊腫。長時間伏案工作或有盤腿久坐的習慣,容易使坐骨結節與坐具硬碰硬”,再加上長期不合理的摩擦、擠壓、負重,久而久之就會導致滑囊壁增厚、滑膜表面粗糙,最後,形成囊腫,即屁股生繭。

 對策 : 改善坐具。平時如習慣於坐木椅、硬板凳者,可改坐籐椅或沙發,也可在硬質坐具上放置較厚的海綿墊、布墊,能減輕硬質坐具對坐骨結節的摩擦與對抗力。

5、肌肉酸痛病因: 人體內的億萬細胞要靠血的運輸來完成其新陳代謝功能,久坐可使體內攜氧血液量減少,氧分壓降低和攜二氧化碳血液量增多,二氧化碳分壓升高,引起肌肉酸痛、僵硬、萎縮。

對策 : 醫學專家建議,凡因工作需要久坐的人,一次不要連續超過8小時,工作中每隔2小時應進行一次約10分鐘的活動,或自由走動或做操等。

 6、食欲不振病因:久坐缺乏全身運動,會使胃腸蠕動減弱,消化液分泌減少,日久就會出現食欲不振、消化不良以及脘腹飽脹等症狀。久坐不動者每日正常攝入的食物,聚積於胃腸,使胃腸負荷加重,長時間緊張蠕動也得不到緩和,長此以往可致胃及十二指腸球部潰瘍、穿孔及出血等慢性難愈頑症。

對策: 培養植物化飲食習慣。多吃如乾豆類、海藻類、地下根()類、新鮮蔬菜及時令水果等。所含豐富的膳食纖維可增進腸道蠕動,縮短食物通過時間,使食物中所含有害物質解除腸黏膜的機會減少,還可吸帶走部分有害物質,減少毒害。

7、記憶力衰退病因: 久坐不動,血液循環減緩,則會導致大腦供血不足,傷神損腦,產生精神壓抑,表現為體倦神疲,精神萎靡,哈欠連天,記憶力下降,注意力不集中。若突然站起,還會出現頭暈眼花等症狀。

對策 :為了你的身心健康,不要久坐下棋,玩麻將,更不可久坐家中閉門不出。

8、患上痔瘡病因:久坐者,血液循環減慢,使身體內靜脈回流受阻,直腸肛管靜脈容易出現擴張。血液淤積後,致使靜脈曲張,並可能患痔瘡,發生肛門疼痛、流血甚至便血等現象,長此下去則會導致貧血。

對策:行熱水坐浴。坐浴時水溫不宜高,30℃~40℃為宜。坐浴時間不宜過長,2030分鐘即可。早晚各坐浴一次。可在熱水中加入少量鹽,水面不低於會陰部。

9、導致便秘病因:在工作生活中,有許多人,視椅子為密友,通常一坐就是幾個小時甚至十幾小時,最終導致患上痛苦的便秘。

 對策:做到經常空腹飲水,工作時間每隔1~2個小時站起來活動下身體。同時,多食高纖維素的食物,如蔬菜、水果、粗糧等。

10、導致大腸癌病因:長年久坐辦公室而很少從事體力活動,是患大腸癌的一種危險因素。大便帶血是大腸癌最初的主要症狀之一。發現自己大便帶血,一定要到醫院作檢查。

對策:長期久坐的人應提高警惕,儘量克服久坐的不良習慣。同時,養成體檢習慣,防患於未然。

11、形成血栓,引發梗死病因:久坐不動,人體對心臟工作量的需求隨之減少,血液循環減慢,日久則會使心臟機能衰退,引起心肌萎縮,易患動脈硬化、高血壓、冠心病等心血管疾病。久坐者,冠心病發病率平均為12%, 而經常運動以及體力勞動者為3%。人久坐不動,血黏度升高,血流緩慢,容易形成血栓,血栓引發肺栓塞後會導致病人咯血、胸痛、呼吸困難、氣急、紫紺,嚴重時迅速死亡。如血栓停留在心臟血管就會心梗,進入腦部就可能腦梗。

對策: 每坐一兩個小時就應該起身行走活動,每天不妨抽點時間做做體操。做體操每節的即刻心率基本在100~120/分之間, 是鍛煉心臟的最佳方法,能對人體產生中等強度的運動刺激,促進人體新陳代謝,提高各器官的功能,增加肢體血流量

久坐傷身,“宅男宅女和坐辦公室的久坐族必須引起重視,在享受的舒坦的同時,還要防止以待病、甚至以待斃的不幸發生。

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引用語法
 

 <h2><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><strong><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>&nbsp;<img style="FILTER: ; WIDTH: 560px; ZOOM: 1; DISPLAY: inline; HEIGHT: 404px" border=0 alt="""" src="http://0.share.photo.xuite.net/a73389893/10861b5/5745264/223987525_l.jpg" width=640 height=462 original="http://0.share.photo.xuite.net/a73389893/10861b5/5745264/223987525_l.jpg" loaded="true" onappear="null" ?? jQuery18202558926775417038="78" /></span></strong></span></h2>
<h2><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><strong><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US></span></strong><strong><span style="COLOR: red">千萬不可</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>“</span></strong><strong><span style="COLOR: red">坐以待斃</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>”</span></strong></span></h2>
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<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><strong><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><br></span></strong><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>&nbsp;</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐著學習、坐著工作、坐著聽</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>iPod</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">、坐著打遊戲、坐著聊臉書或</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>QQ;</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">早上起床</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">著吃早餐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">在學校或單位</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">著學習或辦公</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">回家</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">車</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">到家後又窩在沙發裡或電腦前</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>……</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">如今</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">許多人的工作與生活用一個</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">字就可囊括</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">運動時間和運動量都很少</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>……</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: #002060">通過多年的臨床觀察</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">發現</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">如今大量的疾病都呈現年輕化傾向</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">甚至出現二十出頭的青年發生心肌梗塞、十來歲的小學生患上頸椎病等極端表現。究其成因</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">多是生活方式不當造成的。世衛組織發佈的一份報告指出</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">每年有</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>200</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">多萬人因長時間坐著不動引發心臟病、糖尿病等疾病而死亡</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">到</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>2020</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">年全球將有</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>70%</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">的疾病是因坐得太久、缺乏運動引起的。</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">著</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">的確是一件很舒服的事</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">但這種生活方式時間長了對身體健康是非常有害的</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">它會導致各種疾病提前報到。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="COLOR: red">、頸椎病</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長期不良的坐姿或長時間坐在電腦前最容易造成頸項肌的疲勞</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">引起頸肩痛、項肌痙攣</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">甚至出現頭暈目眩</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久而久之</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">將會隨著年齡的增長出現頸椎間盤退行性病變</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">導致頸椎病。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red"> <span lang=EN-US>:</span></span><span style="COLOR: #002060">操作電腦時要保持正確坐姿</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">使用讓腳部平穩著地的椅子</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或者使用腳墊</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">確保坐著時整個腳掌著地</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>;</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">經常伸展腿部並改變腿的姿勢</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>;</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">常站起來離開工作臺走動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">讓自己整個放鬆一下</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>;</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">不要將箱子或其他物品放在桌下</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">這樣會限制腿部的活動空間。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="COLOR: red">、腰椎病</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>: </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">由於長期久坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或者坐姿不良</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或總是固定一個姿勢而使得腰部軟組織長久處於張力狀態</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">軟組織缺血</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">而產生腰肌勞損。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">要儘量減少坐的時間</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或坐一會兒變動一下姿勢</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">站起來活動一下</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">中途可做一下腰部按摩。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="COLOR: red">、尾骨受傷</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長久坐姿不正確</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">壓迫尾骨神經</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">會造成臀部尾骨受傷而疼痛</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">有時甚至接連兩三天痛得令人坐立難安。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">平時保持良好的坐姿</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">減輕對脊椎的壓迫</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">多運動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">可減少尾骨受傷的機會。患有慢性的尾椎骨疼痛者平常坐時候</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">可在椅子上放個中空設計的減壓坐墊</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">減輕患處的壓力</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">分散尾椎骨及臀部的壓力</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">使患者可坐得久一些</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">工作更方便。在家裡</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">應經常熱敷患處</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或讓漢醫用超聲波治療</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">加強疼痛部位的血液循環</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">促進療效。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>4</span><span style="COLOR: red">、屁股</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: red">生繭</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>” </span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">屁股</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">生繭</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">即臀部長出硬疙瘩</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">並隱隱作痛</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">即坐骨結節性囊腫。長時間伏案工作或有盤腿久坐的習慣</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">容易使坐骨結節與坐具</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">硬碰硬</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">再加上長期不合理的摩擦、擠壓、負重</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久而久之就會導致滑囊壁增厚、滑膜表面粗糙</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">最後</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">形成囊腫</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">即屁股生繭。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>&nbsp;</span><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red"> <span lang=EN-US>: </span></span><span style="COLOR: #002060">改善坐具。平時如習慣於坐木椅、硬板凳者</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">可改坐籐椅或沙發</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">也可在硬質坐具上放置較厚的海綿墊、布墊</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">能減輕硬質坐具對坐骨結節的摩擦與對抗力。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>5</span><span style="COLOR: red">、肌肉酸痛</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>: </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">人體內的億萬細胞要靠血的運輸來完成其新陳代謝功能</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐可使體內攜氧血液量減少</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">氧分壓降低和攜二氧化碳血液量增多</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">二氧化碳分壓升高</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">引起肌肉酸痛、僵硬、萎縮。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red"> <span lang=EN-US>: </span></span><span style="COLOR: #002060">醫學專家建議</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">凡因工作需要久坐的人</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">一次不要連續超過</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>8</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">小時</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">工作中每隔</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">小時應進行一次約</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>10</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">分鐘的活動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">或自由走動或做操等。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>&nbsp;6</span><span style="COLOR: red">、食欲不振</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐缺乏全身運動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">會使胃腸蠕動減弱</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">消化液分泌減少</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">日久就會出現食欲不振、消化不良以及脘腹飽脹等症狀。久坐不動者每日正常攝入的食物</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">聚積於胃腸</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">使胃腸負荷加重</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長時間緊張蠕動也得不到緩和</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長此以往可致胃及十二指腸球部潰瘍、穿孔及出血等慢性難愈頑症。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>: </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">培養</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">植物化</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">飲食習慣。多吃如乾豆類、海藻類、地下根</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>(</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">莖</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>)</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">類、新鮮蔬菜及時令水果等。所含豐富的膳食纖維可增進腸道蠕動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">縮短食物通過時間</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">使食物中所含有害物質解除腸黏膜的機會減少</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">還可吸帶走部分有害物質</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">減少毒害。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>7</span><span style="COLOR: red">、記憶力衰退</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>: </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐不動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血液循環減緩</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">則會導致大腦供血不足</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">傷神損腦</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">產生精神壓抑</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">表現為體倦神疲</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">精神萎靡</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">哈欠連天</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">記憶力下降</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">注意力不集中。若突然站起</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">還會出現頭暈眼花等症狀。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red"> <span lang=EN-US>:</span></span><span style="COLOR: #002060">為了你的身心健康</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">不要久坐下棋</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">玩麻將</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">更不可久坐家中閉門不出。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>8</span><span style="COLOR: red">、患上痔瘡</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐者</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血液循環減慢</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">使身體內靜脈回流受阻</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">直腸肛管靜脈容易出現擴張。血液淤積後</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">致使靜脈曲張</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">並可能患痔瘡</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">發生肛門疼痛、流血甚至便血等現象</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長此下去則會導致貧血。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">行熱水坐浴。坐浴時水溫不宜高</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">以</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>30</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">℃~</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>40</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">℃為宜。坐浴時間不宜過長</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,20</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">~</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>30</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">分鐘即可。早晚各坐浴一次。可在熱水中加入少量鹽</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">水面不低於會陰部。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>9</span><span style="COLOR: red">、導致便秘</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">在工作生活中</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">有許多人</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">視椅子為密友</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">通常一坐就是幾個小時甚至十幾小時</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">最終導致患上痛苦的便秘。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>&nbsp;</span><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">做到經常空腹飲水</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">工作時間每隔</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>1~2</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">個小時站起來活動下身體。同時</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">多食高纖維素的食物</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">如蔬菜、水果、粗糧等。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>10</span><span style="COLOR: red">、導致大腸癌</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長年久坐辦公室而很少從事體力活動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">是患大腸癌的一種危險因素。大便帶血是大腸癌最初的主要症狀之一。發現自己大便帶血</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">一定要到醫院作檢查。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">長期久坐的人應提高警惕</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">儘量克服久坐的不良習慣。同時</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">養成體檢習慣</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">防患於未然。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>11</span><span style="COLOR: red">、形成血栓</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: red">引發梗死</span><span style="COLOR: red">病因</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>:</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐不動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">人體對心臟工作量的需求隨之減少</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血液循環減慢</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">日久則會使心臟機能衰退</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">引起心肌萎縮</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">易患動脈硬化、高血壓、冠心病等心血管疾病。久坐者</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">冠心病發病率平均為</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>12%, </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">而經常運動以及體力勞動者為</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>3%</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">。人久坐不動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血黏度升高</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血流緩慢</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">容易形成血栓</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">血栓引發肺栓塞後會導致病人咯血、胸痛、呼吸困難、氣急、紫紺</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">嚴重時迅速死亡。如血栓停留在心臟血管就會心梗</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">進入腦部就可能腦梗。</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: red">對策</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>: </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">每坐一兩個小時就應該起身行走活動</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">每天不妨抽點時間做做體操。做體操每節的即刻心率基本在</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>100~120</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">次</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>/</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">分之間</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>, </span><span style="COLOR: #002060">是鍛煉心臟的最佳方法</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">能對人體產生中等強度的運動刺激</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">促進人體新陳代謝</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">提高各器官的功能</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">增加肢體血流量</span></span></p>
<p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 標楷體; FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐傷身</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">宅男宅女</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">和坐辦公室的</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">久坐族</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">必須引起重視</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">在享受</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">的舒坦的同時</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">還要防止</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">以待病、甚至</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>“</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">坐</span><span style="COLOR: #002060" lang=EN-US>”</span><span style="COLOR: #002060">以待斃的不幸發生。</span></span></p>
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